President Muhammadu Buhari Friday told former Heads of State and Presidents of Nigeria that the initial genuine and well-intended protests of youth in some parts of the country against the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) was hijacked and misdirected.
In a virtual meeting with the former leaders, the president said government would not fold its arms and allow miscreants and criminals continue to perpetrate acts of hooliganism in the country.
At the meeting were all living past leaders, including General Yakubu Gowon (rtd), President Olusegun Obasanjo, General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida (rtd), Chief Ernest Shonekan, General Abulsalami Abubakar (rtd), and former President Goodluck Jonathan.
The president recounted the initial concessions made by his administration on the demands of youth protesting against the excesses of some members of the SARS.
He said the youth had demanded that the squad be disbanded, and further articulated the additional demands, including: The immediate release of all arrested protesters; Justice for deceased victims of police brutality and appropriate compensation for their families; Setting up an independent body to oversee the investigation and prosecution of all reports of Police misconduct within 10 days; and Psychological evaluation and re-training of all disbanded SARS officers before they can be re-deployed; and increase in Police salary.”
The president said government had accepted to implement all the demands of the protesters to make the country peaceful.
“We accepted all the demands and proceeded immediately to scrap SARS and started the process of addressing the other demands.
”Unfortunately, the protesters refused to call off the protest and engage the Government to address their grievances. Instead, they became emboldened and gradually turned violent,” he said.
The president expressed concern that in the mayhem that ensued, many lives have been lost, a number of public and private properties completely destroyed or vandalized.
Reiterating his pledge to Nigerians from the nationwide broadcast Thursday, the president said: “We will continue to improve good governance through our democratic process including through sustained engagement.
”We shall also continue to ensure that liberty and freedom, as well as the fundamental rights of all citizens are protected. Here, I want to also reaffirm our commitment to preserving the unity of this country.”
The president thanked the former Heads of State for attending the meeting and their invaluable comments, observations and advice, adding that ”Nigerians expect nothing less from responsible statesmen.”
Each of the former leaders commended the president for the steps taken so far to restore calm and order to the country and also applauded the presidential broadcast of Thursday as detailed and soothing to the country.
”I commend the speech of last night. The nation had been waiting. You made points that I believe need to be commended. Peaceful demonstration is part of democratic practice.
The demands of the genuine protesters were accepted, and you are working on implementation. We commend you,” former President Olusegun Obasanjo, said.
The former heads of state were unanimous in their view that generation of employment and growing the economy including through direct foreign investments were critical to checking youth restiveness.
They also expressed condolences to the bereaved families of civilians, policemen and soldiers killed as a result of the violent protest, and reaffirmed the commitment to respect the fundamental rights of citizens, including for peaceful protest as enshrined in the Constitution.
The former Heads of State also condemned the divisive and inciting pronouncements of separatists, and were of the opinion that such acts should be stopped.
The former leaders also commended the actions taken by Governors to address the demands of the ENDSARS protesters and their efforts to check the excesses of those who perpetrated violent acts and conduct.
They called on youth to pursue peaceful means, in seeking redress through engagement with government and encouraged further conversation with the youths and other stakeholders in the country.